Gene researches and the future

Recent gene researches have opened new avenues of opportunity for medical researchers and health care practitioners in discovering new treatments and in identifying dangerous conditions before they become life-threatening issues.

In the more than 10 years since the official completion of the Human Genome Project, scientists have made amazing strides in the fields of biotechnology, medicine and pharmaceuticals. Continuing research in the field of DNA testing and genetic disorders will likely have a significant impact on everyday life in the future. Staying fir is the number one key to have a healthy living. You can always try  home workout programs if you don’t have opportunity to go to gym.

Medicine

In conjunction with the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH), the National Cancer Institute is sponsoring a comprehensive study of cancer genomics. The Cancer Genome Atlas (CGA) is expected to provide answers regarding the specific genetic changes that allow cancer to form and grow inside the human body. As further discoveries are made by the research scientists at the CGA, it is likely that new treatments and new genetic therapies will be available for cancer patients. Genetic testing can also identify individuals at higher risk for various conditionsand can allow health care professionals to provide proactive treatment for patients now and in the future.

Biotechnology

Lessons learned from the Human Genome Project may point the way to new sources of renewable energy. Companies are already exploring cost effective ways to use bioconversion techniques to create methane and other hydrocarbons from biodegradable garbage. By applying the knowledge acquired from genetic research to the creation of methane by microorganisms, scientists have already achieved promising results in the field of methanogenesis. Engineered bioorganisms may also provide assistance in environmental cleanups; the Joint Genome Institute is sponsored by the U.S.

Department of Energy and is tasked with developing microbial solutions for environmental clean-ups around the world. This may result in a cleaner and healthier world for future generations.

Pharmaceuticals

Molecular medicine depends heavily upon the research performed and the discoveries madeduring the Human Genome Project. DNA analysis of existing medications and the isolation of specific genes responsible for various illnesses will allow greater customization of medications for individuals in the future. As the cost of sequencing individual genomes continues to fall, the information provided by these procedures will allow greater customization for medications and reduced side effects for most patients.

Advances made possible by DNA analysis and genome sequencing techniques will provide significant benefits for everyday living.

The cutting-edge research being performed by government agencies and private companies will promote a healthier environment and improved prognoses for individuals in theU.S. and around the World.

Diseases

Since the discovery of genes and the DNA molecules that make them up, scientists have thought of manipulating human programming to cure one disease or another. Being at least partially caused by genetics, Type 2 diabetes is a good place to start.

The work of the investigators reported on in the medical journal Stem Cell Reports consisted of using viruses to introduce new genes into human cells. The new genes signalled other types of cells to become brown fat cells. The newly converted cells were able to burn sugar. This process produced new cells in mice and were able to lower obesity and help control Type 2 diabetes. From these results, it was concluded genetic engineering could become a significant tool for fighting obesity and Type 2 diabetes in humans.