Empirical studies of employment practices beginning in the early 1990s, as well as several recent court cases, signal a growing potential for the use of genetic information in hiring, firing, and benefits decisions in the workplace. Whether predictive genetic testing will eventually be of use to employers in assessing the future health status of workers has yet to be determined; at present, the high cost and poor predictive capabilities associated with such tests combine to make genetic information of limited value to employers. However, no comprehensive national survey of the incidence and variety of employment-based genetic discrimination has been conducted.

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